With the conspiracies like QAnon existing, it won’t be wrong to say that cases of art forgeries have become quite common nowadays. This conspiracy revolves around the US President Trump, Dmitry Rybolovlev, an artwork collector and Salvator Mundi, the world’s most expensive painting.
But science has given us a weapon to fight against art forgery. Nowadays we can use advanced scientific tools to spot art fakes. Let’s get more detail about these methods:
Provenance research should be the first method which must be applied for fake art detection. Provenance is a term which is related to the ownership history of the artwork. It is basically a record of who possessed it and when.
Image Source: Google
Expectations are that we will easily get information regarding the artwork’s ownership, but the reality is far more different. Records may be lost or were never kept. In this situation, professionals unravel the history of an artwork utilizing archives, public and private records and other art historical research methods.
This is an old but very useful tool utilized by art investigators for detecting art forgeries. Advanced microscopy has taken the magnifying glass to the next level. With its help, the investigators can 3D visuals to get a thorough look at how the paint has been coated on an artwork.
These microscopes also help in observing craquelure, the cracks that may appear on the surface of older paintings. For a painting to be called original, it must contain the correct pattern of craquelure.
Art forgers know an old painting can’t be painted on a new canvas, so they make use of old but less valued canvas to create a more valuable fake. But this type of fraud can be caught when the painting is put under an X-ray machine.